|Mirror [#1]||Ethics — Part 3.pdf||47,600 KB/Sec|
|Mirror [#2]||Ethics — Part 3.pdf||34,887 KB/Sec|
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Ethics-Part Three concerns the nature of the emotions. In it, Spinoza distinguishes between actions and passions, the nature of things to 'endeavor' towards their self-preservation, and understands goodness and badness in terms of pleasure and pain. Desire, pleasure and pain are the primary emotions and all other emotions are combinations of them.